Subscribe to our Newsletter

click to dowload our latest edition

Ebola – humanitarian tragedy on monumental scale

The extent of media coverage of the current Ebola outbreak in West Africa has surpassed even the swine influenza scare of 2009. Much of it has been alarming and global bodies have responded accordingly. On August 8 the Director-General of the World Health Organisation declared the disease a public health emergency of international concern. PROFESSOR BARRY SCHOUB, recipient of the Jewish Report Achiever Award for Arts, Science, Sports & Culture in 2012, volunteered his services to explain more about it for SAJR readers. This is a fascinating read…





Soon after, the UN Security Council, on reviewing the unprecedented extent of the outbreak, declared it a threat to international peace and security. As at October 22, 10 114 cases and 4 912 deaths (49 per cent) had been recorded in the three affected countries, Liberia, Guinea and Sierra Leone.

These are only the officially recognised cases; undoubtedly the numbers are significantly higher and certainly the death rate is considerably greater – more likely 70 per cent. The epidemic has shown no signs of abating and with the number of cases doubling every 20 days, it is predicted to reach 20 000 by early next month and the Centre for Disease Control in the US calculated the figure to be 1,4 million by the end of January next year.

There are now grave concerns that the Ebola epidemic could destroy what is left of the civic structures in the three main affected countries. To date 450 healthcare workers have been infected and 244 have died, dramatically depleting the meagre health resources of these poverty stricken countries and further aggravating other formidable health challenges such as malaria and diarrhoeal disease.

Their fragile economies have also been hard-hit by the necessary control measures such as the curtailment of movement affecting, among others, the food supply. Ebola is truly developing into a humanitarian tragedy on a monumental scale. How did this come about and what are the risks of this dreadful epidemic spreading beyond these countries?

Ebola is a new disease, with the first outbreak recognised in 1976 in Sudan and Zaire (now the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The virus was named after the Ebola River in the DRC.

Since then there have been some 25 outbreaks in eastern and central Africa, each involving a few hundred cases, with death rates varying from 25 to 90 per cent. These outbreaks have generally lasted from a few weeks to a few months and have then died out

The virus is spread by direct contact with infectious body fluids from a patient who has developed symptoms of the disease. There is no evidence of it being spread by any other means, including through the air.

Therefore, by identifying a patient and isolating him/her for 21 days (the upper limit of the incubation period of the infection), as well as identifying contacts and similarly quarantining them for 21 days, the epidemic should be stopped in its tracks. Indeed this has been the case in the US and Spain, as well as in Senegal and Nigeria, following isolated imported cases.

Paradoxically the infection should be relatively easy to control, but why then has it spiralled out of control in West Africa where it has now lasted close on a year and is still on an upward trajectory?

A number of socio-economic, political and cultural factors are involved. These three countries rank among the poorest in the world – the multi-dimensional poverty index of the UNDP (United Nations Development Programme) puts Guinea having the highest rate of severe poverty in the world, 68,6 per cent, with Liberia and Sierra Leone not too far behind at 52,8 per cent and 46,4 per cent respectively.

Liberia and Sierra Leone have also just emerged from ruinous civil wars, further aggravating the resistance, distrust and anger of the communities and several healthcare workers have even been murdered. Ingrained cultural practices, especially relating to the preparation of the dead for burial, have promoted the spread of the virus in at least 50 per cent of cases. Health services are pitiful. For example, Liberia has 0,1 doctors, 1,7 nurses and eight hospital beds for every 10 000 people.

Could infection spread beyond the three affected countries? Fifteen countries with land borders have been on high alert for potential importation. But what of more remote spread by air travel, as has occurred in the US, Spain and Nigeria?

Fortunately control is facilitated by the virus only becoming transmissible once symptoms of the disease develop. The risk from a planned medical evacuation under strict bio-containment is extremely remote. However, unplanned entry of infected patients may pose a somewhat higher risk to healthcare workers and other contacts, particularly if Ebola is not suspected.

Ebola is thus not an imminent threat to countries outside of those already affected, other than the isolated imported sporadic cases, but there is no cause for concern that these could develop into significant outbreaks. However, the history of global health will, in the future, record this Ebola outbreak to be one of the humanitarian disasters of this century.

  • Barry David Schoub MB BCh, MMed , MD, DSc, FRC Path, FCPath,  FRSSAf, MASSAf was appointed the first professor of virology at Wits in 1978; director of the National Institute for Virology, 1982 and founding executive director of the National Institute for Communicable Diseases,2012, retiring in August 2010.
  • He served on several international advisory committees of WHO including polio, measles, RSV, influenza, the Advisory Committee for Poliomyelitis Eradication [ACPE] and the International Health Regulations [IHR], as well as the Board of the International Association of Public Health Institutes (IANPHI).
  • He was founding chairman of SA’s National Advisory Group on Immunization. He has published over 280 scientific publications.
  • Among his awards are: the Order of Mapungubwe from the State President; the Paul Harris Award of Rotary International; the 2012 Jewish Achievers Award; the first Lifetime Achievement Award of the African Society for Laboratory Medicine.


Continue Reading


  1. Denis Solomons

    Nov 14, 2014 at 11:47 am

    ‘At first glance , like avian influenza, severe acute respiratory syndrome ,and HIV / AIDS before it , might seem like a particularly modern epidemic , a product of globalisation , fragile states , and social economic shifts that are placing ecosystems under increasing strain. But in other respects Ebola has more in common with the epidemics of yellow fever and cholera of the 18th and 18th centuries.

    Then ,as now,reports of the spreading depradations, carried on ships plying the triangular trade between Africa, the Caribbean and Europe , or by Jewish immigrants fleeing pogroms in Tsarist Russia , fuelled colonial fears of the \” dark continent \” and contamination from the \” uncivilised \” East.Then as now the loss of bodily fluids was deeply disturbing to a culture grown accustomed toconcealing human emissions behind a veil of polite discourse. And then, as now, politicians struggled to balance free trade concerns with the growing popular clamour for restrictions to safeguard public health and national security. ‘

  2. Denis Solomons

    Nov 17, 2014 at 5:45 am

    ’18th and 19th centuries !’

  3. Denis Solomons

    Nov 24, 2014 at 10:53 am

    ‘Health care professionals treating patients with Ebola have learned that transmission arises from bodily fluids of a person who is symptomatic – that is has a fever , vomiting , diarrhoea and malaise .

    there is a strong reason to believe that transmission occurs when the viral load is high , on the order of millions of virions per microlitre. This recognition has led to the dictum that an asymptomatic person is not contagious; field experience in West Africa has shown that conclusion to be valid.Therefore an asymptomatic health care worker returning from treating patients with Ebola , even if he or she were infected , would not be contagious. We also know that workers who are unknowingly infected would not be contagious.

    We should be honoring not quarantining health care workers who put their lives at risk not only to save people suffering from Ebola virus disease in West Africa but also to help achieve source control., bringing the world closer to stopping the spread of this killer epidemic !’

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


Achiever Awards reimagined



It’s official: not even a pandemic can stop the South African Jewish community from paying tribute to the heroes in its midst.

Against a background of social distancing and sanitisation, thousands came together last Sunday for the most iconic iteration of the Absa Jewish Achiever Awards in its 22-year history.

Instead of gathering in person at a decked-out venue, guests participated in an evening of glamour and fine dining from the comfort of their own home for the first ever online version of the annual awards ceremony.

Other than hundreds of paying and invited guests, between 30 000 and 60 000 people from around the world also watched the spectacular event on YouTube, Facebook, Vimeo, and Zoom.

No effort was spared to ensure that the evening was as enthralling online as it would in person. In the run-up to Sunday night, couriers shuttled staggering numbers of cocktail packs to each individual guest’s home, making sure that the annual Achievers magic wasn’t lost.

Gin, tonic, and prosecco flowed freely in homes across South Africa as participants prepared to watch a livestream of the awards ceremony, ready to raise a l’chaim as they cheered the winners.

As if this wasn’t enough, many guests who would otherwise have reserved a table at the live event also had a lavish three-course gourmet kosher meal delivered to their doorstep. Arriving in a sleek cylindrical box, the spread included tantalising entrees, a mouth-watering main course, and even an array of sweet treats to accompany the evening’s viewing.

The meals were catered by Maxi Kosher Discount Butchery and styled by Dolores Fouche under the strict supervision of the Johannesburg Beth Din. Added to the food, there were beautiful fabric placemats, napkins, face masks, and even the traditional Achiever kippa for participants. Each featured the artwork of renowned South African artist Kim Lieberman.

The evening began with an exclusive red-carpet event presented by Dina Diamond, with various nominees joining her virtually to chat before the ceremony got underway. Excitement mounted as the red carpet concluded at 18:00 when the Awards ceremony began.

“For the past 21 years, we have gathered in hotel boardrooms and convention centres to celebrate the remarkable and disproportionate contribution made by the Jewish community to the development of post-apartheid South Africa,” said Howard Sackstein, chairperson of the SA Jewish Report and the Absa Jewish Achiever Awards.

“When we started planning tonight’s event more than a year ago, we didn’t expect to be playing hide and seek with a virus. We didn’t predict that the world would be gripped in the vice of a worldwide pandemic that has so sadly claimed the lives of so many in our community.

“This year, we cannot just recognise nine winners. We as the board of the SA Jewish Report feel the need to pay tribute to literally hundreds of South Africans who have been an ohr lagoyim [a light unto the nations].

“Tonight, we announce our roll of honour to recognise and pay tribute to the many South Africans who have sacrificed so much for a better South Africa during the pandemic of 2020.”

That list was both extensive and illustrious. This year’s winning personalities included seasoned entrepreneur Liran Assness, the chief executive of holding company Sekta and recipient of The Kirsh Family Entrepreneur Award; Ferrari icon turned cheese aficionado Jody Scheckter, who received the Art, Science, Sports and Culture Award; as well as Wendy Fisher, acclaimed sculptor and philanthropic powerhouse, who took the Humanitarian Award in honour of the late Chief Rabbi, Cyril Harris.

Title sponsor Absa’s award categories recognised the accomplishments of renowned lawyer Professor Michael Katz with the Absa Business Icon Award. Professor Mervyn Mer, the principal specialist and head of intensive-care at Charlotte Maxeke Johannesburg Academic Hospital received the timely Absa Professional Excellence in the Time of Covid Award, and Discovery’s Dr Jonathan Broomberg walked away with the Absa Business Leadership in the Time of Covid Award.

The Europcar Women in Leadership Award went to Pick n Pay group’s Suzanne Ackerman-Berman, and Professor Barry Schoub, retired expert in vaccinology and virology, was recognised for his contribution to humanity with the Kia Community Service Award.

Ninety-eight-year-old Sir Sydney Kentridge, whose lifetime in service of the law is nothing short of legendary, received the Lifetime Achievement Award in honour of Helen Suzman for his decades of service. Even Sackstein received a surprise award – the Lawrence and Karen Abrahamson Family Award for his efforts to connect the Jewish community with an array of webinars during the lockdown period.

Not even the annual event’s signature entertainment was dispensed with this year. Jewish comedian Gilli Apter kept guests giggling as compere, and the musical performances screened between each presentation were spectacular.

These included the melodies of singer Danielle Bitton and opera aficionado Yudi Cohen, whose performance of The Prayer shook the speakers in every home. They were joined by the toe-tapping yiddishe music of Caely-Jo, and even international Jewish-music sensation the Maccabeats.

Completing the line-up of musical magic was Choni G and six-year-old Bibi Shapiro (whose Avinu Malkeinu previously took YouTube by storm), and Jonathan Roxmouth of Phantom of the Opera fame.

In true Achiever Awards style, this once-in-a-lifetime event delivered an evening that not only paid tribute to the heroic personalities among us, but also provided a much-needed dose of positivity and joy.

Continue Reading


Wendy Fisher: looking for the light



“There’s a crack in everything. That’s how the light gets in.”

The words of the late Leonard Cohen never fail to invigorate Wendy Fisher. An avid artisan and philanthropic powerhouse, she seeks out the light in the bleakest of times, striving to uplift not just herself, but those who are struggling most.

For this reason, Fisher received the Humanitarian Award in honour of the late Chief Rabbi Cyril Harris at the Absa Jewish Achiever Awards this past Sunday.

Those who have witnessed her passion for philanthropy lauded her via video, including her father, the renowned Natie Kirsh.

“As a father, I’m expected to talk well of my daughter,” he said. “But I have something to say beyond what can be expected of a father.”

Kirsh said that Fisher wasn’t just a respected president of the Guggenheim Art Museum in New York, but also someone who had made a difference in the lives of thousands through an online university lecture programme she piloted earlier this year. Called Lockdown Academy, the project has given 3 000 people from around the globe a range of free and fascinating lectures every day.

“Wendy, I congratulate you on this award,” Kirsh said. “As your father, I’m proud of your achievements, and I believe that all your university listeners around the world join me in celebrating you receiving this honour. Well done Wendy.”

Fisher’s family and friends praised her commitment to others, listing her exhaustive array of philanthropic ventures aimed at uplifting and supporting the less fortunate.

“Wendy is South African, and her heart lives in South Africa,” said clinical psychologist, Dr Dorianne Weil. “She and her family found themselves in South Africa over the lockdown, and she offered herself and her resources in helping to uplift the many who were being affected by COVID-19.”

Fisher said she was humbled to receive an honour in the country where she feels most at home.

“Receiving this award made me reflect on my work over the past four decades, and how I’m directing my energy going forward,” she said. “This opportunity comes as we endure a global pandemic and the broader existential concerns it brings.”

In looking for inspiration to lead us forward, Fisher said she reflected on her youth, how she was raised, and how that influenced the path ahead.

“Coming of age in Swaziland was pivotal to who I am today. I remember our solitary house on the hill, the uneven dusty roads, and the bright starry nights. We didn’t have electricity in the early days, and had a fresh water tap in the garden.

“Our family values have always been to help others, so it was only natural that villagers came to retrieve fresh water from our tap. There are countless examples like this that left a lasting impression on my siblings and me, compelling us to continue to invest in community and philanthropy.”

Her parents’ values are imbedded in the family DNA, said Fisher.

“From my energetic, generous dad, Natie, I learned what it means to be a passionate visionary and entrepreneur,” she said. “His mantra is, ‘teach a man to fish’. People can build on the support you provide and become self-sustainable.”

From her mother, Frances, Fisher said she learned to prioritise family and look for opportunities to come together and really see each other.

“My mum’s wisdom is simply that when people sit and break bread together, their shared humanity is what’s felt, not their differences. Together with my siblings, we have carried the legacy of our parents forward, and I share this honour with them.”

Fisher encouraged others to seek their own inspiration as we look to the future.

“Teach a man to fish, to bring light where there is dark, to come together and build strong, vibrant cultures, and step up to help people in need,” she said.

“I hope you are inspired in your own journey to embrace our shared humanity for the benefit of all.”

Continue Reading


Michael Katz: trusted advisor who hardly sleeps



When legal stalwart Professor Michael Katz begins a sentence with the words “with respect”, those who know him understand that respect is the last thing on his mind.

“He has an expression which those who know him means the very opposite of what he’s saying,” says Miranda Feinstein, senior executive of ENSafrica. “It starts when he says, ‘with respect’. And if he thinks you are behaving like a real nincompoop, he will say, ‘with great respect!’ and everybody around knows that there is no respect intended at all.”

Feinstein was one of many South Africans who paid tribute to Katz when he received the Absa Business Icon Award at the Absa Jewish Achiever Awards last Sunday.

Katz, a highly regarded and sought-after corporate lawyer, was this year asked by the president of South Africa to be a board member of the national Solidarity Fund, set up to support the medical response, contribute to relief efforts, and mobilise the country in the fight against COVID-19.

Two years ago, he was called to work on the Nugent Commission, set up to sort out the South African Revenue Service. Katz is also the person behind reforming the country’s tax policy.

“His success doesn’t lie in any one particular case, but in that he has become the trusted advisor of business and public bodies who believe in him,” said Wim Trengove, the founding vice-chairperson of Thulamela Chambers. “He puts in a lot of attention at all hours, day and night.”

David Unterhalter, acting judge on the Supreme Court of Appeal, agreed. “It’s hard to know when precisely, if ever, Michael goes to sleep,” he said. “He’s not only a practitioner of extraordinary repute, he has also been a critical person for the purposes of reforming and developing the commercial law of this country, especially company and tax law.”

Katz has been integrally involved in Jewish community affairs in Johannesburg, offering guidance and advice to communal leaders in times of need. He has even played an integral part in the Johannesburg Holocaust & Genocide Centre as board chairperson, said the centre’s founder and executive director, Tali Nates.

“He was so pivotal in everything we know about the Bill of Rights in South Africa and the way we look at human rights,” she said. “Michael always was our icon.

“As the idea of creating a Holocaust Centre in Johannesburg came about, there was no doubt that Michael was the right person,” Nates said. “His knowledge, love of books, and love of history of the Holocaust and genocide always enriches the conversation.”

Katz expressed his thanks, saying that receiving an honour from one’s own community was very meaningful.

“No one who has any achievement does it on his or her own. You need an ecosystem of supporters,” he said. “Mine includes my wife, a dedicated counsellor over 44 years of marriage. I have been truly privileged to have such a wonderful partnership.”

Katz paid tribute to his two daughters, and expressed his gratitude for the support he had received from his colleagues at ENSafrica.

He also offered some words of advice.

“The Jewish community is, unfortunately, a shrinking community, in a country that faces many challenges.

“What’s required? Unity. We need unity of the community. We have remarkable institutions in our community with dedicated officers and staff who care for the every need of the community, but they need our support.”

Communal unity is also fundamentally important to address poverty and inequality, Katz said.

“We need to support the country and the wider community in which inequality abound and where social justice is compromised,” he said. “We need to play a meaningful role, and hopefully, we can be agents of stability against a background of volatility.

“The SA Jewish Report has played a meaningful role in the era of COVID-19 in which people’s sense of well-being has been reduced. Howard Sackstein and his colleagues have spared no effort in endeavours to uplift the morale of the community when it really needed it,” Katz said.

“When one has the privilege of serving one’s people, one must grasp it with both hands.”

Continue Reading

HOLD Real Estate