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One of Brazil’s oldest synagogues to be rededicated 100 years after it opened



Knesset Israel was founded in Sao Paulo in 1916. Usually referred to by its nickname, Groisse Shil, Yiddish for “big synagogue”, it was completed in the central Bom Retiro district in 1918.

The new state-of-the-art building located in Higienopolis, a heavily Jewish neighbourhood a few kilometres away, will feature two sanctuaries, ritual baths, a library, a ballroom and classrooms.

“We have invested time, emotion, and resources to keep the flame of Judaism alive,” said the congregation’s president, Marcel Rivkind. “Knesset Israel will become a new reference centre for Sao Paulo’s Ashkenazi community. and we want to add new families from the region to attend the Groisse Shil.

The synagogue’s rabbi, Motl Malowany, added: “We will continue the bond to this millennial chain that began with the Jewish immigration to Sao Paulo, and where our synagogue was the first to serve as absorption centre.”

Jewish immigration to São Paulo formally began at the end of the 19th century, and an organised community started in 1910 with immigrants from Eastern Europe including Russia, Poland, Romania and Lithuania, followed shortly by those from Lebanon and Syria. The city’s first synagogue, Kahalat Israel, was founded in 1912.

During both the First World War and the Second World War, the Groisse Shil welcomed European immigrants, including Holocaust survivors, who fled to Brazil. In 1957, a major reconstruction was performed. In 1994, a rabbi was hired to lead the congregation after 30 years without a spiritual leader.

Following the movement of Jewish families out of Bom Retiro, a new headquarters was established in the Higienopolis neighbourhood in 1997. In 2011, the cornerstone of the new Knesset Israel building was laid.

Home to some 60 000 Jews, or half of Brazil’s Jewish community, São Paulo has 30 synagogues. The 2 000-family CIP, affiliated with both the Conservative and Reform movements, is considered the largest in Latin America. (JTA)

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