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Herzlia pupils face discipline over Israel protest

As Herzlia Middle School’s prestigious prize-giving evening came to a close, two Grade 9 boys stepped forward from the rest of their grade on the stage and knelt down (known as “taking the knee” as a form of protest) in front of the audience when the Israeli national anthem, Hatikvah, was sung. The audience was shocked at what many people believed was a flagrant disregard of the ethos of the school.





The Grade 9 pupils were invited onto the stage to honour them and bid them farewell as they graduated from middle school. They were joined by a vocal ensemble to sing the national anthems.

Taking the knee during a national anthem is a protest popularised by American football players who have used it to draw attention to police brutality and racial inequality in the United States.

Many parents at the school were incensed by this behaviour, and believed the children should be expelled, while others felt it was the right place to show dissent and verbalise their opinions.

One parent at the school, who is close to the families of the two pupils involved, said he believed the boys were protesting against the current Israeli government’s occupation and treatment of Palestinians in the occupied territories.

“They took the knee as they felt that Hatikvah, which represents the hope of Jews around the world to be free and have their own homeland, should not be sung when these messages are so clearly ignored. The boys believed this to be obvious in the way the Israeli government is dealing with Palestinians in the occupied territories, who live in untenable circumstances.”

In an email sent to Herzlia parents on Tuesday evening, Geoff Cohen, the Education Director of United Herzlia Schools (UHS), wrote, “The Herzlia Middle School prize-giving is a formal and prestigious public event, showcasing the school and staff while celebrating its pupils’ achievements. The boys’ inappropriate kneeling action demonstrated deliberate and flagrant disregard for the ethos of the school, the leadership and governors, teaching staff, the parents, and their fellow students by publicly embarrassing the school and offending those present.”

He stressed that the issue was not about an individual pupil’s right to question or hold an opinion which differs from the mainstream ideologies of the school. “Our concern is about the time, place, and manner in which such views were displayed, and the blatant flouting of school rules, Herzlia’s Zionist values, and the values of Herzlia’s Menschlichkeit pillar. It showed a lack of respect, pride, gratitude, responsibility, compassion, and understanding of community.”

Speaking to the SA Jewish Report, Cohen emphasised that Herzlia had forums to debate and express opinions, but this was not the right forum, and it had brought the name of the school into disrepute. He pointed out, however, that both boys emphasised that they were Zionists and believed in Israel’s right to exist, but were protesting the policies of the current Israeli government.

Cohen said he would not share the disciplinary measures that had been put in place, as the school did not make public dealings with individual pupils or their families. However, in the email, he said he and Middle School Principal Shane Brorson, in consultation with the management committee of the school’s governing body and the chair of the board of trustees, had decided on a set of consequences that were designed to be disciplinary and educational.

“We have informed the boys and their parents of the sanctions we are imposing, and encourage everyone to move forward positively,” he said.

The parent who is close to the families said the boys probably chose to make their stand during prize-giving because “Herzlia does not provide for proper free debate and channels to discuss the Palestinian-Israeli problem. All discussion is carefully scripted, and the participants are chosen so that no one with significantly differing views may speak. Often, the excuse given is that there are four tenets which anyone allowed on campus must support. For example, they must support the two-state solution – this, when half the Israeli government in power does not support the two-state solution.”

He said the two protesting boys had received a lot of support from other pupils, and even teachers. “They have, on the other hand, also endured a huge amount of hate speech, including being called ‘Nazis’, and being told that they should leave the school and go elsewhere.

“I don’t believe the pupils expected such a huge outcry about what is essentially an act of conscience. It is clear that a large part of the Jewish community is unable to accept free speech as a right. This has been shown by the number of parents who have called for the boys to be expelled,” he said.

The parent said he knew that the boys believed in Israel’s right to exist, and were staunch Zionists. “That does not mean agreeing with the current government’s policies,” he said. “I believe we should all be incredibly proud of the boys, and the courage it must have taken to take a stand in an environment that does not provide for free expression. They are true leaders, and represent the hope of all free-thinking Jews around the world.”

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  1. Selwyn

    Nov 15, 2018 at 11:25 am

    ‘I have no connection to Hertzlia in any way. However, school rules are school rules. and there is a time and a place for every thing. If these pupils and parents are not happy with the school’s modus operandi, you make an appont ment withthe necessary head anddicuss or plan to dicuss the problem. Unfortunately the lax, could’nt care less attitude from the top of government down to any level you choose,  has resulted in lower standards, morals, behaviour and the fact that any one can get away with anything. Sadly if the likes of Malema or LFBF(?) come in to power, guess who will be the first at the Israeli refugee queue. In short,nice little jewish boy from Herzlia : Don’t crap on your own doorstep’

  2. Selwyn Scher(Israel)

    Nov 15, 2018 at 12:38 pm

    ‘I was  a student at Herzlia  in the 60s and 70s  and have been living in Israel since 1979 .I feel that  the behavior of the 2 boys is totally unacceptable and and makes me very sad .I do not support the present government however the National Anthem is not that of the government but of the country as a whole .They can choose not to sing the Anthem and they can debate the Israeli situation but not act in such a disrespectful way .Thousands of Israelis have given there lives so that we can be a free people in our land.They made a very ,very grave error and hope that they will learn and realize this .We Jews have enough enemies from outside we cannot afford to have enemies from within .’

  3. Zmira Cohen

    Nov 15, 2018 at 9:41 pm

    ‘How old are these boys in Grade 9?

    15, 16 probably.

     How could they possibly think that they have the answer to the problems of the Israeli nation state,which has suffered from terror and hardship of every kind imaginable ,   not only since  her official political emergence in 1948,  , but throughout the pre World War 2 years, when the noose over the Jewish people’s collective head was straining ever tighter?

     Would they , who according to the Report, support Israel’s right to exist,consider pointing to any of Israel’s avowed enemies in the Middle East  , who offer the honour & dignity to all their  citizens , of any faith and creed , the human rights , civil & political opportunities &  employment potential ,that Israel offers to her citizens, even though some of these citizens openly decry her right to exist?Once these boys reach the stage that they feel they must ‘put their money where their mouths are ‘( in  other words are no longer living in reaSonable comfort in their parents’ homes , out of reach of  Kassam rockets and booby trapped balloons)    why not go and experience living in Sederot and then in Gaza.

    \\Perhaps then would  they be able to understand why Israel has to protect her people in their entirety , even those who are unaware of the huge sacrifices of the majority of Israeli’s who do love their Land and are not so naive as to think, that subjecting the nation to annihilation by listening to arm chair strategists , who have never had to deal with any problems , other than those they have encountered in a school  exam paper, is not really the best route to take.Help anyone whom you wish to help , but do not bring shame onto the land which is embedded in your identity.

    If you do not wish to sing Hatikva , stay silent.

     By doing what these 2 boys have done , is merely to add fuel to the fire of destruction the enemies of the Jewish people are unceasingly trying to trigger.My heart goes out to all who suffer.The way to end the suffering in the Middle East is not to insult the State of Israel ,but rather to bolster her and strengthen her from within  so that her present day enemies will see the futility of brutal attacks and an unwillingness to negotiate , to the end that they will recognise Israel and support her growth and development and ultimately share in her bounty to the benefit of all.’

  4. Jill

    Nov 16, 2018 at 8:22 am

    ‘Those boys are ill informed if that is what they believe. There are no "occupied territories" in Israel. That is terrorist propaganda to delegitimise Israel. Those who stand against Israel should be ashamed, particularly when the Israelis have endured so much sufferung at the hands of the terrorists.’

  5. Stephen Kalmek

    Nov 17, 2018 at 12:52 pm

    ‘If the boys and their families are zionists but don’t like the way that the government is dealing with the Palestinians, they should make Aliya and then as citizens of the state of Israel they would have the right to vote for the government that they believe in.

    They would obviously be expected to serve in the I. D. F. 

    I find it exceptionally insulting to the state of Israel and all its citizens of Jewish, Moslem, Christian, D1ruze beliefs to hear of such actions taken by Jewish scholars at a Jewish school in the diaspora. 

    Hopefully the boys and their zionist families will be making appointments soon with the Aliya Shaliach. 

  6. Nomi

    Nov 18, 2018 at 7:38 am

    ‘The boys acted out of ignorance.  The proper punishment would be to send them to Sederot to live under the circumstances  the children have to endure.  Also a tour of Ramala would enlighten them even more.  The international press is not the place from which to form an opinion.  Better yet, put them in charge of the Israeli government for a day or two and see how they fare.’

  7. Michael Rootshtain

    Nov 18, 2018 at 2:44 pm

    ‘I find the platitudes insulting and demeaning. Democracy means, amongst many things, the right of a country to choose the individuals or parties to represent them in government. The idea that two pupils, living in the comfort of South Africa, are not only stating that they disagree with the current government policies in Israel, but are denigrating the majority of citizens living in Israel who selected this government. 

    Why did they not take the knee during the South African anthem. Are they saying that they agree with the government policy on Israel, on Tibet, on China etc.. What hypocrisy! The reason that they were so brave about Israel is stated clearly by a "friendly" parent – "I don’t believe the pupils expected such a huge outcry about what is essentially an act of conscience". This is not the place to debate whether the current Israeli government policy is what ensures the survival of the country and adds to the possibility of peace or not. Neither is an awards evening the place to insult and cause pain to members of the audience, to denigrate the Israeli anthem and to belittle the citizens of Israel who have used their democratic right to elect their government.

    These are not true leaders and they certainly do not "represent the hopes of
    free-thinking Jews
    around the world", whatever that last statement means.

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‘Wake up!’ say doctors, as third wave ramps up



Communal experts this week issued a stern warning to “catch a wake up” as the community has been hard hit by death, severe illness, and an unprecedented number of infections which continue to rise daily during the third wave of the COVID-19 pandemic.

“This is extremely severe,” warned Dr Richard Friedland, the chief executive of Netcare Group. “In Gauteng, we are in the eye of the storm, with things set to get a lot worse than they are.

“We should all be doing what we can to prevent a single death, to prevent people from having to be admitted to hospital,” he said.

The death rate has risen at hospitals, and hospital stays are about 20% longer, exacerbating the shortage of beds, especially in Gauteng, which is leading the uptick in infections.

“As I walk through our COVID-19 units, I see people struggling to breathe, fighting to survive this shocking pandemic. Every day, we are reminded of the pain, the suffering, and the enormous loss that it brings,” Friedland said.

Issuing a plea to the community to be hyper vigilant, he said, “I want to be abundantly clear that there can be no place for a lackadaisical approach.”

Several doctors this week told the SA Jewish Report that the situation was dire, with one doctor describing it as a “battlefield”.

“Patients, some quite young with no comorbidities, are really sick, with the vast majority on one form of ventilation or another,” said Dr Carron Zinman of Netcare Linksfield Hospital.

“Some severely ill patients are being temporarily managed in casualty because there are simply no intensive-care beds available at other hospitals,” she said.

“We are seeing a fairly young cohort, some with no underlying conditions, who are becoming seriously ill. The variants are more virulent and transmissible. We have had quite a lot of patients who have had COVID-19 before or who have received the vaccine, and got it.”

“We treat more aggressively, but there’s still no magic drug. We’re doing everything we can to turn the inflammatory response around. It takes some longer than others,” she said.

“Sadly, some people over 60 believe that once they have had the virus or the vaccine, they are safe. They aren’t. A lot of families including couples and their children are being infected,” she said.

At the time of going to print, Hatzolah had 501 active patients with 64 patients requiring oxygen at home. At least 11.7% of the active cases include children and young adults under the age of 20.

“There are a higher number of younger people including children than in the previous waves,” said Dr Anton Meyberg of Netcare Linksfield Hospital.

Sadly, the majority of patients are still the elderly over 60, but doctors have noticed a rise in the number of patients between the ages of 40 to 60, many requiring hospital admission.

There appears to be a disproportionately higher number of cases within the community, with doctors putting this down to complacency and carelessness about observing protocols.

“There is more testing, but people aren’t following the rules,” said Meyberg, “People who have been vaccinated are becoming lax, and there is a large asymptomatic spread of the virus.”

The country technically entered its third wave on Thursday, 10 June. According to the Ministerial Advisory Committee on COVID-19, a new wave starts when the seven-day moving average of new infections surpasses 30% of the previous wave.

More than 70% of the new cases are now in Gauteng and the Western Cape, where there is evidence of a resurgence after a period of recovery, and there are daily increases in the Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal.

According to experts, the next two weeks will be particularly severe in Gauteng as the numbers steadily increase. Cape Town is a few weeks behind, they say.

Private-sector hospital admissions have increased four-fold since April. More than 500 patients are being admitted a day in the private sector in Gauteng, which is putting enormous strain on emergency departments fighting to open as many beds as possible to make space.

According to Hatzolah Chairperson Lance Abramson, there were 263 active cases at the peak of the first wave, 333 cases at the peak of the second wave, and now there are more than 500 active cases “with no peak in sight yet”.

“There are a staggering number of active cases in the Johannesburg Jewish community,” he said.

“Ambulances are transporting multiple COVID-19-positive patients to hospitals daily, where it is sometimes difficult to find a hospital bed. Patients are sometimes having to wait in ambulances in the parking lots of hospitals. This is very challenging for teams on the ground,” he said.

The organisation is also looking after 64 patients on home oxygen where they are closely monitored, Abramson said.

The organisation’s nurses are seeing between 80 to 100 patients a day.

Interestingly, Hatzolah has had 238 patients on the programme who have had a vaccine. Of those, 171 had received the first Pfizer vaccine, and 83 had received the Johnson & Johnson vaccine, two the AstraZeneca, and one Moderna. Thirty eight patients have been fully vaccinated and of those, only one required hospitalisation and has since recovered, he said.

According to Dr Ryan Noach, the chief executive of Discovery Health, globally, vaccinations have materially slowed the progression of new cases and deaths. There are early signs of reduced COVID-19 infection rates among the vaccinated pollution in South Africa post 15 days after vaccination.

“There are signs that the first dose is working, with early data showing that there are less admissions post vaccination and fewer deaths,” he said.

Worryingly, he said, “The data points to the potential for a very severe third wave, and we’re seeing the beginning of it only now.”

He said more than 50% of adults 70 years and older require admission to hospital.

“Hospital admissions in wave three have reached the level of admissions at the peak in wave one. There are currently 2 012 Discovery members admitted to hospital, of which 526 are in intensive-care, and 275 require ventilation.

“A large number of people are showing evidence of reinfections. Discovery members who contracted COVID-19 in the first wave have again contracted COVID-19 in the second wave. Three members have now tested positive three times,” Noach said.

On 13 June, President Cyril Ramaphosa confirmed that two million Johnson & Johnson (J&J) doses would have to be destroyed because the United States regulator, the Food and Drug Administration, found that the main ingredient with which they were made wasn’t safe for consumption.

As a result, South Africa has no J&J doses to administer at present, setting the country back in its vaccine roll-out in the midst of a third wave. The good news is that, according to the Bhekisisa Centre for Health Journalism, J&J will replace all the doses within the next two weeks, with 300 000 due to land within a few days and another million to be released by Aspen’s Eastern Cape plant next week.

In the meantime, doctors have appealed to people to be hyper vigilant and maintain all non-pharmaceutical measures.

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BDS boycott ‘creating divisions among ordinary South Africans’



“I felt targeted because I’m Jewish. It’s antisemitic,” said a businessman affected by an alleged boycott of companies purported to support Israel.

A group of 300 South African hardware stores supposedly cancelled contracts with “SA-based suppliers and companies that have relations with or who have shown support for Israel”. The executive director of Africa4Palestine (formerly Boycott, Divestment, Sanctions (BDS) South Africa), Muhammed Desai, last week described the boycott as “heartwarming”.

“Many people have been pressured by their community to be part of a boycott and cause harm,” said this businessman, speaking on condition of anonymity. “This affects ordinary South Africans because it destroys long-term business relationships.”

Although there has been an impact on his company, it seems not many businesses have felt the impact of the boycott. Other suppliers listed by Desai told the SA Jewish Report that no contracts had been cancelled. “None of our relationships or sales into any of the hardware stores in South Africa have been compromised,” said one supplier, who asked not to be named.

“I can state categorically that this has had no impact on our business,” said another supplier who wanted to remain anonymous. “Our order book is full.”

“As the ‘rainbow nation’, this is just aggressively encouraging divisions that were never there before,” said the first businessman. “People are making business decisions based on religion rather than good business principles. These enforced divisions are what worry me more than anything. What happened to the South Africa that we know? This radical stance is completely nonsensical,” he said.

Desai went on to declare, “Today, standing with Israel, having ties with Israel, or serving in the Israeli military have all, correctly, become similar to, in the past, having stood with apartheid South Africa or with Nazi Germany. To stand with Israel today is now synonymous with saying, ‘I stand with Germany’ during the Holocaust or declaring, ‘I stand with South Africa’ during apartheid.”

He said Africa4Palestine welcomed “this ethical position as a morally sound example to other stores in South Africa and the African continent to emulate so that we can truly create apartheid-Israeli-free zones. Your efforts have served as another great blow to those who believe they can support the Israeli regime on the one hand, and take money and profits from principled and moral South African people.”

If the language of boycotting Jewish businesses and creating “Israeli-free zones” sounds familiar, that’s because it is. South African Jewish Board of Deputies (SAJBD) National Director Wendy Kahn said, “In his congratulatory letter to the boycotters, Desai compares Israel to Nazi Germany and the Holocaust. The irony of his use of Holocaust terminology is also not lost on us Jews. Nazi Germany also came to our minds when we read this letter. We remember that the Holocaust began with the boycotting of Jewish businesses.

“We aren’t fooled by his couching of words or references to those who ‘have relations with or who have shown support for Israel’ and those ‘standing with Israel, having ties with Israel’. What he actually means is Jews. According to the University of Cape Town’s Kaplan Centre study in 2019, 90% of South African Jews support Israel, so invariably, what Desai is calling for is the boycott of Jewish businesses.

“The delight that he takes in potentially destroying these Jewish businesses is gut-wrenching, not least because of the fragile and precarious economic climate in South Africa. Will Desai and the BDS organisations rejoice in the jobs lost by these businesses?

“His so-called victory of boycotts of Jewish business won’t have an impact on the Palestinian-Israeli conflict. All these threats achieve is attempted intimidation of local South African Jews who hold an opinion different to BDS. The South African Jewish community won’t be intimidated. It’s effect will be only to harm South African businesses trying desperately to survive and retain jobs,” Kahn said.

“Our Constitution states that everyone has the right to freedom of conscience, religion, thought, belief, and opinion. There’s no rider that excludes Jews and people who have a connection to Israel. Nor does it call for the destruction of livelihoods of people for daring to believe differently.”

Desai issued a statement saying that the accusation of antisemitism was “a deliberate misrepresentation”, but then reiterated that “we welcome South Africans shunning, boycotting, and ending relations with suppliers and companies that are trading with, have links to, or are supportive of Israel”.

In response to the SAJBD’s statement on the matter, published on Facebook, Africa4Palestine’s Bram Hanekom wrote, “The 300 hardware stores can buy the things they need from other South African owned and ethical businesses.”

Benji Shulman, the director of public diplomacy at the South African Zionist Federation, noted that “the boycott of Jewish businesses has a long history in the BDS movement going back more than a decade, with Jewish businesses or those with Jewish management frequently targeted. What’s more, commercial boycotts against Israel have been a complete failure internationally. Since the boycott movement started, trade between Israel and South Africa has actually increased on average.

“BDS has many other failed boycott attempts,” he said. “One that comes to mind is the failed Woolworths ‘tomato’ boycott, which also produced zero results, other than a pig’s head placed in the kosher section of a supermarket. BDS may be trying to intimidate smaller Jewish businesses, but as yet, it hasn’t shown any signs that it has the capability of undertaking a full-fledged boycott campaign.”

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SAZF takes on Judge Desai for his conduct



The South African Zionist Federation (SAZF) has predictably come in for some heavy criticism by the anti-Israel lobby for lodging a complaint against retired Judge Siraj Desai with the Judicial Conduct Committee (JCC).

Last week, the SAZF lodged a complaint with the JCC against the judge, who recently took up the position of the Legal Services Ombudsman.

The SAZF said Desai’s actions and conduct over many years was plainly in breach of the code of judicial conduct and “entirely unbecoming of a judicial officer”.

This was a bombshell complaint against Desai, who is a well-known social activist and respected jurist described by many as the “people’s judge”.

The detailed complaint against him spans many years from 2009 till the present, highlighting Desai’s actions and conduct connecting him to the Boycott, Divestment, Sanctions (BDS) movement against Israel, and the pro-Palestinian movement.

The SAZF said that Desai’s alleged misconduct included his involvement in political controversy, misusing the prestige of his judicial office to advance his personal political interests, failing to recuse himself in a case in which he was obviously conflicted, and involving himself in activities that used the position of his judicial office to promote a partisan political cause.

Desai, who served the legal profession for 43 years, retired as a Western Cape High Court judge last year, and almost immediately accepted the ombud position having been appointed by President Cyril Ramaphosa. The objective of the ombud is to advance and safeguard the integrity of the legal profession in South Africa But more importantly, it’s to ensure fair, efficient, and effective investigation of complaints of alleged misconduct by legal practitioners.

Former Judge Rex van Schalkwyk of the Rule of Law Project told the SA Jewish Report, “This isn’t about whether one is pro-Israel or pro-Palestine. Did Judge Desai conform with the ethics that constrain him as a judge? Having looked at the complaint, there is at least a case that needs to be answered. Judge Desai must give an explanation about his conduct. It’s legitimate for this issue to have been brought to the professional body of the JSC [Judicial Service Commission] and to be dealt with specifically in accordance with the principle of law not in accordance with the political issues which will cloud the complaint.”

The SAZF has been lambasted for the complaint, which it lodged on 10 June, by members of Africa4Palestine and the South African BDS Coalition. They have set up a Facebook page called “Hands off Judge Desai”.

The anti-Israel lobbyists described the complaint as “spurious” and “baseless”, and called it a “vengeful attack”. Africa4Palestine criticised the “questionable” timing of the complaint, saying that it was an attempt to distract from its complaint lodged against the country’s outgoing Chief Justice Mogoeng Mogoeng.

Last Friday, 11 June, the JCC appeal panel said it was continuing its deliberations on Mogoeng Mogoeng’s appeal against a misconduct finding for his remarks about Israel brought by Africa4Palestine.

Earlier this year, the JCC found that Mogoeng had contravened the code of judicial conduct with comments made during a webinar in June last year and subsequently at a prayer meeting where he declared that he would never apologise for the views he expressed. In the webinar, hosted by the Jerusalem Post, he said he believed South Africa would do well to consider adopting a more objective stance on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and said “hatred” of the Jewish state could “attract unprecedented curses upon our nation”.

In his March ruling, Judge Phineas Mojapelo stressed that “judges are to stay out of politics”.

The South African BDS Coalition said the SAZF’s complaint against Desai was in “retaliation for the failure to secure a seat at the Constitutional Court by Judge Unterhalter” accusing him of being an “apologist for Zionism”. Earlier this year, the SA BDS Coalition demanded that Unterhalter not be selected to the Constitutional Court for his association with the South African Jewish Board of Deputies.

Rolene Marks, SAZF’s legal forum spokesperson said, “At issue here, is the role that judges play in our society. The reason that there is a judicial code of conduct is that judges need to be seen not to be promoting political causes since they may have to rule on them at some stage. However, it’s clear through his comments that although Judge Desai is entitled to his views in terms of freedom of speech, he is bound by the judicial code of conduct, and his actions fall outside of that.”

According to the SAZF, last year, Desai while being interviewed on an Iranian YouTube channel, made “inappropriate comments” likening Iranian leader Ayatollah Khomeini to President Nelson Mandela.

“To compare a world-renowned peacemaker like President Mandela to the despotic founding leader of a regime notorious for its disregard of human rights, and which is responsible for gross human rights violations, including torture and violence against thousands of people, is an insult to the people of South Africa, the Constitution, and our democratic institutions,” the statement said.

It added that Desai also made “several other shocking remarks” during the interview regarding foreign policy, including referring to the United States – an important trading and diplomatic partner of South Africa – as the “great Satan” which demonstrated that Desai had “engaged in conduct incompatible with his status as a judge of the high court.”

According to the SAZF, Desai has a long history of endorsing and promoting the anti-Israel political lobby.

In 2009, Desai was part of a South African delegation of pro-Palestinian activists that was to take part in a protest known as “the Gaza Freedom March” organised by the Palestine Solidarity Alliance. It was during this time that the Cairo Declaration was signed which was a call for a global movement for Palestinian rights and a boycott of Israel. The SAZF said Desai “lent his stature as a judge to the drafting and issuing of the declaration”.

In 2015, he gave an order in a review application brought by pro-Palestinian, anti-Zionist organisations and activists against the City of Cape Town. There is allegedly no record in the judgment of him having disclosed his interest in BDS to the parties in that case, according to the complaint.

In 2018, Desai welcomed Hamas during its visit to South Africa and said, “We hope to make an intellectual contribution to the resolution of the Palestinian issue, but we take our leadership from you, you are the leadership on the ground.”

“This, despite the fact that the Hamas charter includes direct calls for violence against Jewish people and the destruction of the state of Israel. Using the prestige of the judicial office to publicly promote an extremist organisation is clearly contrary to the precepts underlying the judicial code of conduct,” said the complaint.

“Judge Desai has long conducted himself well outside the realms of the judicial code,” said the SAZF. “It’s therefore crucial for maintaining public confidence in the judiciary that manifest judicial misconduct is called to account.”

Desai told News24 through his spokesperson, Professor Usuf Chikte, that he was “unapologetic in his stance in condemnation of apartheid Israel”.

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