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Let’s not go back to “normal” in education

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OP-EDS

For many of us in education, 2020 would be the year in which we expanded our vision, innovated our offering, and showcased the many ways we continued to integrate technology into our students’ day-to-day learning.

What began as an exciting start to the year quickly transformed into a time of uncertainty, change, and a complete rethink about how we educate students remotely instead of on campus.

Before the pandemic, technology had mostly become an innovative addition to the classroom, including robotics, coding, and drones. Very few educational institutions had made the courageous leap into the mostly unknown world of online learning. They cited concerns about the social and emotional well-being of students, a lack of time to build the necessary platforms, and an overwhelming belief that teachers should be in the classroom where they have always been.

COVID-19 was the unexpected and unwelcome push that derailed our collective objections and drove us forward into exploring the largely unchartered educational waters that technology had to offer. As the well-known proverb says, “Necessity is the mother of invention”. Or, as I like to say, “We had no choice!”

During those early days of recording lessons, setting up Google Classroom and virtual live classrooms, I was struck by how much progress can occur when people have no choice but to power through and get the job done.

It wasn’t easy, and it definitely wasn’t perfect, but we soon realised that as long as students had an electronic device and data, they could continue to be educated. So, educate them we did – with a fair amount of trial and error amidst the uncertainty about how long we would all have to do this and when life would return to “normal”.

However, I don’t believe that school life will ever return to what we once saw as “normal”. Nor should it. Instead, the global pandemic has been the disruption that we so desperately needed, under undesirable circumstances, to move education forward in ways we might never have had the time, drive, or courage to do.

As such, we have learnt new methods, new ways, new advantages, and new possibilities of educating our children in a manner that adequately prepares them for a world that doesn’t yet exist. This is a future where they will continuously be required to change, adapt, pivot, unlearn, discover, and recreate.

Therefore, it doesn’t make sense to go back to what we once thought was normal in the same way that it doesn’t make sense to go back to communicating with our parents through the post office.

Here’s what we have learnt and why I think it’s worth keeping even after COVID-19 is a distant memory; and why education in general and matric in particular will never be the same:

1.    Having a beginner’s mindset

The pandemic forced most teachers to adopt a beginner’s mindset when the old ways of doing things were no longer an option. Having a beginner’s mindset allows educators to rethink their material and how they present it, approach teaching, and learn with a different perspective.

Teachers who successfully adopt a beginner’s mindset will reimagine the learning environment in its many forms without the pressure of having to conform to previous pedagogies. This openness to new possibilities and outcomes will spring-clean outdated, preconceived ways of doing things and be a breath of fresh air for all involved. In essence, it’s the perfect breeding ground for curiosity and innovation in education to thrive.

2.    Finding new ways to educate vastly different students

COVID-19 resulted in many teachers pre-recording videos of their lessons, which allowed students to pause, rewind, and replay challenging sections and learn at their own pace. Stronger and more advanced students also had the opportunity to speed through the content and move onto self-study or practical tasks without getting bored.

We would be remiss in losing this unprecedented insight and practice, which could be a gamechanger for students long after COVID-19. I’m confident that it will reduce the number of students falling behind and those needing extra lessons as they will be able to review, revise, and relearn the relevant content at their own pace and in their own time.

3.    Finding new ways to connect with students and parents after school

The pandemic allowed us to reimagine how we connect with both parents and students outside of the classroom. For example, parents’ evenings can be held effectively online without parents needing to spend hours at the school.

In the same way, students will be able to schedule a quick 15-minute Zoom call with a teacher to ask a question or go over a specific section of work without needing an “extra lesson”. In this way, teachers will be able to streamline their time and use it more efficiently.

4.    Finding new ways to assess students

There is a very definite roadmap that teachers have used over the years: teach and test. Education in the time of COVID-19 allowed us to find new ways of assessing students in a way that allowed them to relearn and revisit content until their understanding and grasp of it became more important than an assessment itself.

5.    A hybrid learning model

Having said all of the above, I don’t believe that a post-pandemic education will mean an end to traditional face-to-face learning. Instead, online learning taught us that students missed campus life and face-to-face teaching and learning, and that a hybrid model of learning will be the way to go moving forward.

This will include days on and days off campus, learning content at home with pre-recorded videos that will allow students to learn at their own pace, and classroom time spent applying skills to content already learnt.

There is no doubt that the disruption to traditional education brought about by COVID-19 has inspired the rethinking of traditional education. Changes that would have been inconceivable before the pandemic, have been made due to necessity. This has made it possible to reassess educational models that were assumed to be fundamental and unchallengeable in the past.

Progressive schools and educators will never be able to return to “normal”, and will instead harness the disruption that has occurred in education to have a beginner’s mindset and continue to innovate and make education more suitable for the evolving needs of our world.

  • Joseph Gerassi is the executive head of Redhill School, former principal of King David High School Victory Park and the Absa Jewish Achiever Professional Excellence Award 2019 winner.

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2 Comments

2 Comments

  1. Lisa oziel

    Mar 7, 2021 at 3:47 am

    Excellent article really captures the educational wins from Covid-19….

  2. Bendeta Gordon

    Mar 7, 2021 at 8:09 am

    Brilliant perspective.

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OP-EDS

Our title deed to Israel was given by G-d

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Yom Ha’atzmaut is an opportunity to declare proudly and publicly our connection to Israel. This is our opportunity to remind ourselves and the world what Israel means to us.

We can draw our inspiration for this from a beautiful and powerful mitzvah bikkurim – the mitzvah for farmers to bring the first fruits of the harvest to the Temple in Jerusalem and dedicate them to G-d.

The Talmud paints a colourful picture of the farmers’ procession to the Temple as they brought the bikkurim. They didn’t arrive one by one in Jerusalem; rather, they would go up in a group, accompanied by music and a whole entourage to mark the occasion. At the head of the procession, there was a bull decorated in gold. And all the residents of Jerusalem – the shopkeepers and all the workers, sometimes even the king – would come out to greet the farmers. Upon arriving at the Temple, the Levi’im would sing a song from the book of Tehillim.

Then, on dedicating their baskets of produce to the Temple, the farmer would make a declaration summarising Jewish history and expressing gratitude to G-d for bringing the Jewish people to the land of Israel – to the sacred ground from which these first fruits were harvested.

Why all the fanfare? And how is any of this connected to Yom Ha’atzmaut?

One of our great sages, the Malbim, explains that the declaration on the bikkurim was a response to those who would challenge our right to the land of Israel. He cites Rashi’s very first comment on the Chumash – the question of why the Torah begins with the book of Genesis, the more narrative-driven portions of the Torah, when really the Torah is a book of commandments.

Quoting from a prescient midrash, Rashi explains that the reason the Torah begins with the story of creation is because one day, the Jewish people would be accused of unjustly appropriating the land of Israel, to which we can respond – G-d, the creator of the world, gave it to us. That is our title deed. And we underline this claim by publicly declaring and celebrating our connection to the land of Israel in the bikkurim ceremony.

There’s certainly a lesson we can draw on here in our own age about proudly and unapologetically celebrating our connection to the land of Israel.

But bikkurim has another – no less important – lesson for us for Yom Ha’atzmaut – the lesson of gratitude. Through the declaration, farmers express gratitude for the fact that G-d took us out of Egypt and brought us to the land of milk and honey from which the fruits were harvested. In this way, the entire farming experience becomes grounded in a deep appreciation. And the way we show our gratitude is by dedicating the best and the first to G-d through the mitzvah of Pidyon Haben, of redeeming a first-born son, and through the mitzvah of bikkurim.

Gratitude is at the heart of Jewish identity. The word “Jew” comes from the word “Yehudi”, derived from the name “Yehuda”, Leah’s fourth son. When she gave birth to Yehuda, she said, “I will give thanks to G-d.” As Jews, we know that everything we have, every blessing we enjoy, comes from our creator.

And so, as we mark Yom Ha’atzmaut this year, as we look back with satisfaction on all of the immense achievements of the past 73 years, our hearts are filled with gratitude and appreciation to G-d for His blessings that have made it all possible.

David Ben-Gurion, Israel’s first prime minister, is famous for having said, “In Israel, in order to be a realist, you must believe in miracles.” G-d’s miracles have accompanied the birth, growth, and development of the state of Israel throughout these 73 years. From the great military victories and economic and technological achievements, to the miraculous rebuilding of yeshivot and Torah learning on a grand scale beyond the wildest dreams of those who saw the destruction of these institutions in the Holocaust, the Jewish people have established, with G-d’s blessing, a thriving state in spite of all odds. Israel has, with divine help, continuously defied the natural order of things.

This Yom Ha’atzmaut, as we once again declare our historic connection to the land and celebrate all that our beloved state of Israel has miraculously accomplished, let us do so with deep gratitude and unabashed pride – and through this, let us unleash abundant divine blessings for many more years of greatness.

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OP-EDS

Beth Din works to make Pesach “lesstressingmoreblessing”

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The kosher department spends nearly six months of the year planning for Pesach and making certifications.

This year was particularly challenging with the sad and untimely passing of Rabbi Desmond Maizels in Cape Town. His care and knowledge added much to South African kashrut for many decades.

Various products available all over the country are manufactured in Cape Town. With the help of the Cape Town kosher team, we ensure that the highest standards are kept, and all essential items that the community needs are made available across the country.

This year, we launched a #lesstressingmoreblessing campaign, which we hoped would help make everyone’s preparation ahead of Pesach a little easier. We shared our expanded Green List, which is a list of products that don’t require a special Pesach hechsher.

We all know how expensive this time of year is and unfortunately, it’s costly for companies to manufacture Pesach items. In many cases – locally and internationally – the ingredients need to be changed, and factories often need to be closed for at least 24 hours to kasher production lines.

Furthermore, runs are often done in small batches and in most cases, production is done under the direct supervision of a mashgiach. We do what we can to research products all year round to add to our Green List to make it easier and more cost-effective to keep Pesach.

We then shared some delicious recipes from Romi Rabinowitz. Next, we created and shared helpful videos on kashering some of the latest kitchen appliances, which also enabled the community to meet some of the kosher team. Most importantly, we extended the hours of our kosher desk hotline to answer all the community’s questions.

Pick n Pay again printed our Pesach Guide, and innovated by placing a variety of Pesach-specific products on its Bottles app. This is something we hope to expand in the future.

What’s most important to us is community feedback. After Pesach, we reached out to the community via a survey, and got just less than 800 responses.

Here are the most pertinent:

•     Most of the community was happy with the product range available this year;

•     They prefer to buy locally-made products as it keeps costs down;

•     More than two-thirds of the community felt that the kosher department gave them useful information this year;

•     The Green List was found to be the most useful information shared;

•     There is a range of locally produced items that people would like to see available next year, namely: Orley Whip, sweets, cold drinks, diet drinks, chocolates, spices and sauces; and

•     Many expressed appreciation for our team, which we are grateful for.

The survey is now closed, so if you didn’t have the opportunity to respond to it, we invite you to contact us directly with your feedback.

We are grateful to everyone who completed the survey. We value the feedback and, with the positive and useful information given, we have already begun to plan for Pesach 2022. We hope we will keep you #lesssressingmoreblessing.

  • Rabbi Dovi Goldstein is the kosher managing director at the Beth Din.

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OP-EDS

Is the US losing interest in the Middle East?

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The United States-Saudi Arabia relationship is a really interesting case study for those who watch Middle Eastern geopolitics closely. Some background to current events is necessary to set the context.

On the one hand, Saudi Arabia is a difficult ally. Its human-rights record is suspect, to say the least. It was clearly responsible for the killing of the journalist Jamal Khashoggi in 2018, which caused a worldwide outcry. It has also been involved in a war in Yemen that has created a humanitarian disaster, with high civilian casualties and hunger, malnutrition, and illness in that country.

On the other hand, it’s a strategic US ally, and a stable, pro-Western country. It entered the war in Yemen for good reason – to prevent the Iranian-aligned Houthi forces from taking over the country. It was also the second biggest oil producer in the world in 2020.

President Joe Biden was left with a difficult choice. Heading up a Democratic administration, which supposedly prides itself on its support for human rights, he couldn’t leave things as they were. On the other hand, he couldn’t damage the US’s vital strategic and national interests. To this end, he seems to have attempted to walk a fine line by taking the following actions:

He released a redacted intelligence report that blamed the crown prince for being behind the murder of the journalist, but took no further action. He has made it clear that the US no longer supports the operations of the Saudi coalition in Yemen, and has temporarily paused the sale of offensive arms to Saudi Arabia, but has allowed the continued sale of defensive arms.

More importantly, he didn’t act when Saudi oilfields were once again attacked by Houthi missiles and drones on 7 March, which led to a spike in oil prices briefly above $70 (R1 021) a barrel.

The US said on the Monday that its commitment to defend Saudi Arabia was “unwavering”, and in a Twitter post, the US mission in Riyadh condemned the attacks, which it said demonstrated a “lack of respect for human life” and a “lack of interest in the pursuit of peace”. However, the US took no further action.

The main issue, however, which is being brought to the fore by the awkward US-Saudi dance, is that the US is losing interest in the Middle East. The area is much less of a priority than it used to be.

There are a few reasons for this. First, the US no longer relies on imports of oil from the region. Last year, according to The Economist, the US was in fact a net exporter of oil and natural gas.

Second, the US has been involved in long and endless wars in Iraq and Afghanistan that have cost trillions of dollars and achieved very little.

Finally – and this has been the policy across three US presidents now – the US wants to pivot to Asia and focus much more on countering a rapidly growing and influential China. It wants to lighten its burdens in the Middle East, and instead focus its energies on what everyone believes will be the world’s leading growth region of the 21st century.

This doesn’t mean the US will withdraw totally. It still has troops all over the area, and has vital interests in preventing a nuclear arms race there and not allowing terrorist groups to grow and find sanctuary. However, given recent events, it seems clear that it will scale down its activities and no longer expend the time and energy it has in the past. Its military activities will be curtailed.

The effect of this clear signal from the US has been dramatic, and it no doubt played a major role in the Abraham Accords and signing of peace treaties between Israel and the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain. If and when the Saudis join the emerging Israel-Sunni reproachment, it will no doubt also be due to the fear of less US involvement in the region and of therefore having to face their enemies alone.

While this development has been positive for Israel in that it now has new strategic allies in the region, bringing much more diplomatic strength and regional influence, in the long term, there must be concern.

The US moves towards Saudi Arabia are a portent for it becoming much less involved in the region, and clearly show its intention not to be dragged into any more wars there.

While Israel now has a lot of new allies as a result, and it seems the friendships will be warm, none of the new allies are major military powers. Local regional alliances, useful as they are, cannot replace the world’s main superpower, and an unstable region will surely become still more unstable without the US’s active presence.

Israeli leaders have long suspected this, but the fact that the US hasn’t responded militarily to the two recent attacks on the Saudi oilfields when in the past, under any president, there would have been a robust and strong response, shows how dramatically things have changed. The US can no longer be relied on as a military ally. Israel will be left to fend pretty much for itself if and when the next war breaks out in the Middle East.

  • Harry Joffe is a Johannesburg tax and trust attorney.

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